The hormone human growth (or GH Growth Hormone) is a substance that regulates the metabolism and growth of the body. The pituitary gland, located at the base of the brain, produces GH. This hormone helps children gain height (also called linear growth), increases muscle mass, and decreases body fat. In both children and adults, GH helps control the body’s metabolism, which is the process by which cells convert food into energy and produce other substances that the body needs. Here we talk about details What is Human Growth Hormone.
If a child or adult has too much GH or not enough GH, this can lead to health problems. Growth hormone deficiency (insufficient GH) and other health problems can be treated with synthetic GH (artificially produced). Sometimes GH is used illegally for non-medical purposes.
What is Human Growth Hormone therapy used for?
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved GH treatment for specific diseases. GH is only available by prescription in injectable form.
In children, GH is used to treat
- growth hormone deficiency
- disorders that cause short stature(if the child is shorter than others of the same age), such as kidney disease, Turner syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome
In adults, GH is used to treat
- growth hormone deficiency
- loss of muscle mass (muscle tissue) due to HIV
- short bowel syndrome
In addition to these uses, physicians outside the United States prescribe GH for other conditions. (When doctors prescribe drugs for disorders other than those officially approved, the process is called “off-regulation.”)
Is Growth Hormone Appropriate For Healthy Adults?
The effects of GH have been studied in healthy adults and the results have been inconclusive. Some short-term studies found that older adults built muscle, lost body fat, and increased endurance and physical strength. But other studies did not show similar benefits. More studies are required to fully understand the benefits and risks of HGH use in healthy adults.
In addition to its use in research, prescribing or consuming GH for unregulated uses is illegal in the United States. Adults can improve their health, body structure, physical strength, and endurance with a healthy diet and regular exercise.
What is Human Growth Hormone abuse all about?
People sometimes take GH illegally to stop or reverse the effects of aging or to improve athletic performance. Some athletes believe that GH alone does not achieve the desired results, so they take it with anabolic tissue building steroids in an effort to increase muscle and strength, and decrease body fat. Some athletes also use insulin to increase the muscular effects of GH, which is dangerous because it lowers blood glucose.
What are the risks of growth hormone abuse?
The effects of GH abuse can be serious. The side effects of short-term use are joint pain, muscle aches, fluid retention, and joint swelling. If GH is injected with used needles, people can be exposed to HIV, AIDS, or hepatitis. Long-term high doses of GH can lead to heart disease. Illegally sold GH may contain unknown and potentially harmful ingredients. For example, if you take GH derived from human tissue, you run the risk of developing a disease similar to mad cow syndrome, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, which is fatal.
Sale of growth hormone without a prescription
Some companies sell GH pills or “GH releasing substances” and claim they are “anti-aging” substances. But they have not been proven to increase GH production in the body or to counteract aging, build muscle, or produce other benefits. GH has no effect in pill form, because digestion deactivates it.
What is important for you to remember?
- Synthetic GH is safe and effective when used for FDA-approved conditions.
- GH must be prescribed by a doctor.
- GH abuse can be very harmful to health.
- Healthy adults can improve their health and fitness with diet and exercise.
- If you are concerned about a probable GH deficiency in you or a family member, speak with your doctor.